On October 28, Shenzhen Rail Transit Line 2 Phase 3, Line 8, Line 3 Phase 3, and Line 4 Phase 3 were opened for operation at the same time. Up to now, the total operating mileage of Shenzhen Metro has exceeded 400 kilometers. In 2020 a total of 6 new subway lines totaling 107 kilometers in Shenzhen were opened, which is also the year with the most mileage of lines opened since 2018.
So far, a total of 41 cities in mainland China have opened operations. The top ten cities in terms of traffic mileage are: Shanghai (705KM), Beijing (699.0KM), Guangzhou (515KM), Shenzhen (411KM), Nanjing (378KM) ), Chengdu (358.2KM), Wuhan (339KM), Chongqing (329KM), Tianjin (233.2KM), Hangzhou (206KM).
In recent years, some cities have had a “hurricane period” of subway construction and opening.
In 2018, Shenzhen’s track mileage under construction reached 275 kilometers, which is almost equivalent to the total mileage of subways already in operation accumulated in the past 14 years.
In April this year, the Shenzhen Urban Rail Transit Service Quality Evaluation Results released by the Shenzhen Municipal Railway Office in 2019 showed that the city’s average daily passenger flow of rail transit was 5.568 million; rail transit accounted for 56.1% of public transport passenger volume, an increase of 1.7%; The density of Shenzhen’s urban rail transit network is the first in China.
Although there is still a certain gap between Shenzhen’s subway mileage and Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, and temporarily in the fourth place, Shenzhen’s urban area is only about 1/8 that of Beijing, 1/3 of Shanghai, and 1/4 of Guangzhou.
Nanjing is the sixth city in the country to open subway operations, and currently ranks fifth among inland cities in terms of total mileage.
Compared with Nanjing, Chengdu’s first subway opened five years later, but it is catching up quickly. Currently, the mileage of the subway in Chengdu is only about 20 kilometers away. On September 27 this year, Chengdu Metro Line 18 was officially opened. According to the plan, Chengdu will have Line 6 Phase 1 and Phase 2, Line 6 Phase 3, Line 8 Phase 1, Line 9 Phase 1, and Line 17 this year. The first phase of the line and other lines will be completed and put into operation. By then, the mileage will exceed 500 kilometers.
Among the top ten cities in terms of subway mileage so far, Hangzhou’s first subway will be opened at the latest in 2012, and the current mileage is just over 200 kilometers. But before 2023, 13 lines and a total length of 516 kilometers of urban rail transit backbone network will be formed before the Asian Games, achieving full coverage of ten urban areas.
In the first three quarters, the National Development and Reform Commission approved a new round of urban rail transit construction plans in Xuzhou, Jiangsu and Hefei, Anhui. The newly approved planned line length was 189.26 kilometers, and the planned investment amounted to 133.398 billion yuan. In addition, the urban rail transit construction planning adjustment plan of Fuzhou, Xiamen, Guangdong and Shenzhen has been approved, involving a total length of 105.45 kilometers of new lines, and an additional planned investment of 113.921 billion yuan.
The relevant person in charge of the China Urban Rail Transit Association said that it is expected that two additional urban rail transit operating cities will be added in the fourth quarter. By the end of 2020, the cumulative length of urban rail transit operating lines in China will be close to 8,000 kilometers.