List of Industrial Cultural Heritages of Central Enterprises (Machinery Manufacturing Industry) Issued by SASAC
On September 28, the State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission (SASAC) held a ceremony to announce the list of industrial cultural heritages of central enterprises (machinery manufacturing industry) in Beijing. This is the fifth time SASAC has released a list of industrial cultural heritages of central enterprises. As the outstanding representatives of industrial cultural heritages of the machinery manufacturing industry, the 15 projects released this time vividly show the development process of China’s machinery manufacturing industry from scratch, from small to large, and from weak to strong, and embody the lofty pursuit and mission of Chinese machinery manufacturing industry people to work hard and serve the country.
Such 15 projects are listed as follows:
|Name||Time of completion|
|General assembly plant of Beijing Feb. 7th Locomotive Industry Co., Ltd||1897|
|Historic buildings and equipment of Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway||1906|
|Jinan Machinery Plant of Tientsin-Pukow Railway Administration Bureau||1910|
|Former site of Dalian Shahekou Railway Factory||1911|
|Canton-Hankow Railway Machinery Plant||1930|
|Qishuyan Locomotive Repair Factory||1941|
|The first hydroelectric generating unit in New China – Suxiong unit||1951|
|JF “Bayi” steam locomotive||1952|
|First Tractor Co., Ltd||1954|
|The first Jiefang truck||1956|
|The first domestic car – Dongfeng Jinlong car||1958|
|Plant area of Fularji production base||1959|
|FAW Hongqi CA770 main assembling jig||1960|
|The first cubic synthetic diamond press||1965|
|The first large jetliner with independent intellectual property rights – Y-10||1970-1980|
As an important part of the fine traditional Chinese culture, industrial cultural heritages show to the world the indomitable and persistent spirit of the Chinese people. Machinery manufacturing industry is a significant symbol of modern industrial civilization and a concentrated expression of a country moving towards industrialization and modernization. The industrial cultural heritages included in the list are all pillars of a great power, deeply engraved with the glorious imprint of history.
1897 – CRRC Beijing Feb. 7th Locomotive Industry Co., Ltd – General assembly plant of Beijing Feb. 7th Locomotive Industry Co., Ltd
Beside the famous Lugou Bridge lies the general assembly plant of Beijing Feb. 7th Locomotive Industry Co., Ltd with a history of more than 120 years. This is the birthplace of the world-famous “February 7th” strike of Beijing-Hankou Railway. It has witnessed the arduous journey of China’s railway rolling stock from steam locomotive to diesel locomotive, and the historical leap from normal speed to high speed. These old factories and equipment all silently reveal the development history of China’s railway rolling stock industry in the past 100 years.
1906 – CRRC Beijing Nankou Co., Ltd – Historic buildings and equipment of Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway
The historic buildings and equipment of Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway are composed of the buildings and equipment of Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway Factory founded in 1906, the predecessor of CRRC Beijing Nankou Co., Ltd. The once bustling headquarters of the Beijing-Zhangjiakou Railway construction project is now a memorial hall. Zhan Tianyou presided over the construction of the railway for three years, creating the history of the first railway designed and built by us Chinese ourselves. The old factory building located in Nankou has survived to this day. In the workshop where the rolling stocks were assembled and maintained, there are 32 sets of century-old equipment. These historical relics together tell the legendary story of the construction and operation of China’s first state-owned railway.
1910 – CRRC Shandong Co., Ltd – Jinan Machinery Plant of Tientsin-Pukow Railway Administration Bureau
Jinan Machinery Plant of Tientsin-Pukow Railway Administration Bureau, founded in 1910, was mainly engaged in the repair and maintenance of locomotives, carriages and wagons for Tientsin-Pukow Railway. It was not only one of the famous early locomotive repair factories in China, but one of the birthplaces of the Chinese labor movement. In 1955, Jinan Machinery Plant was renamed Jinan Rolling Stock Repair Factory, becoming a professional steam locomotive repair factory, and was praised as “repair expert for locomotives from all nations”. Along with the development of China’s railway industry, these industrial heritages witness all the hardships and gains, and thus are full of profound historical and cultural connotations.
1911 – CRRC Dalian Co., Ltd – Former site of Dalian Shahekou Railway Factory
The former site of Dalian Shahekou Railway Factory was completed in July 1911, and it was a well-known large factory in the Northeast at that time. In the 70 years since the founding of New China, this century-old factory has gone through the entire development process of China’s locomotive equipment manufacturing from repair to manufacturing, from steam locomotive to diesel locomotive and from electric train to bullet train, and created countless national firsts. This is where all the five changes of “Mao Zedong’s train” were made. To date, more than 12,700 newly-built locomotives of various types have sailed across the country and to the world.
1930 – CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd – Canton-Hankow Railway Machinery Plant
Canton-Hankow Railway Zhuzhou Machinery Plant consists of Preparatory Office of Canton-Hankow Railway Zhuzhou Machinery Plant, complex factories of Canton-Hankow Railway Zhuzhou Machinery Plant, and Party Committee office building of CRRC Zhuzhou Locomotive Co., Ltd. Zhuzhou Machinery Plant is the first large locomotive repair plant after the completion of the whole line of Canton-Hankow Railway, and also the cradle of electric locomotive in New China. More than a dozen “China’s first” such as “China’s first electric locomotive”, “China’s first AC drive electric locomotive”, and “the world’s most powerful electric locomotive” have been successively manufactured here. It has experienced four historical leaps in China’s locomotive production from normal load to heavy load, from normal speed to high speed, from DC to AC, and from import to export, and thus can be called the history book of China’s railway locomotive development.
1941- CRRC Qishuyan Co., Ltd – Qishuyan Locomotive Repair Factory
Qishuyan Locomotive Repair Factory was built in 1941, and its walls were made of thick red brick. It witnessed the large-scale technical transformation of the factory, the establishment of diesel locomotive manufacturing system, and the development of new diesel locomotives. In the exhibition room of historical equipment in the building, 7 sets of old equipment are displayed, and the oldest one has a history of 113 years. These old equipment are full of blood and tears, pride and glory.
1952 – CRRC Sifang Co., Ltd – JF “Bayi” steam locomotive
JF “Bayi” steam locomotive is the first steam locomotive designed and manufactured in New China. After being successfully trial produced on July 26, 1952, it opened a new page in China’s railway industry, ended the history that us Chinese people could not produce locomotives, and became a major turning point of locomotive industry of New China. Since it was put into operation in August 1952, it shouldered the heavy task of resisting US aggression and aiding Korea and building socialist motherland, and worked as the main freight steam locomotive of railway transportation in China from the 1950s to the 1960s.